How to Cite the National Institute of Health in APA Style

The National Institute of Health (NIH) is a great resource for students and professionals in the medical and health sciences. When you cite the NIH in your work, be sure to use the correct APA style.

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Introduction

The National Institute of Health (NIH) is a government agency that funds medical research and provides information on health and disease. If you are writing a paper that uses information from the NIH, you will need to cite it in APA style.

In-text citation:

When you are quoting or paraphrasing information from the NIH, you will need to include an in-text citation. This will let your reader know that the information comes from the NIH and will give them the information they need to find the full reference in your reference list.

Your in-text citation should include the author of the publication (if available), the date of publication, and the page number (if available). For example: (National Institute of Health, 2016, p. 5).

If you are citing a website, you will include the title of the page instead of a page number. For example: (National Institute of Health, 2016).

Reference list:

Your reference list should include all of the sources that you have cited in your paper. For each source, you will need to include some basic information: author, date of publication, title, and source. Here is an example for a website from the NIH:

National Institute of Health. (2016). About us. Retrieved from http://www.nih.gov/about-nih

What is the National Institute of Health?

The National Institute of Health (NIH) is a federal agency that provides medical research funding. It is the largest biomedical research agency in the world and is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

What is APA Style?

APA style is a writing style and format developed by the American Psychological Association. It is commonly used in the social sciences, including psychology, sociology, and political science. APA style includes guidelines for font choices, page setup, in-text citations, and reference list formatting.

How to Cite the National Institute of Health in APA Style

In APA style, the National Institute of Health (NIH) is cited as a corporate author. The basic format for this citation is as follows:

National Institute of Health. (Year). Title of document. Retrieved from http://www.nih.gov/

If you are citing a specific document from the NIH website, include the title of the document after the date, followed by a period. If you are citing the NIH website in general, you do not need to include a specific document title.

Here are some examples of how to cite various NIH documents in APA style:

National Institute of Mental Health. (2016). Depression: What you need to know. Retrieved from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression-what-you-need-to-know/index.shtml

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (n.d.). Welcome to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases [fact sheet]. Retrieved from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/about-niddk/strategic-plans-reports/welcome-to-the-national-institute-of-diabetes-and-digestive-and-kidney

In-Text Citations

There are two ways to cite the National Institute of Health in APA style. The first is to include the name of the institute in the text of your paper, followed by the date of publication in parentheses. For example:

According to the National Institute of Health (2019),….

The second way is to include a parenthetical citation at the end of a sentence that includes information from the National Institute of Health. In this case, you would include the author’s last name, followed by a comma and the date of publication in parentheses. For example:

…as discussed by Smith (2019).

Reference List

The National Institute of Health should be cited in the reference list as follows:

National Institute of Health. (n.d.) Website. Retrieved from http://www.nih.gov/

Examples

The National Institute of Health (NIH) is a government organization that conducts medical research. If you are writing a paper that uses information from the NIH, you will need to cite it in APA style.

There are two ways to cite the NIH in APA style:

1. as a website
2. as a journal article

To cite the NIH website in APA style, use the following format:

National Institute of Health. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nih.gov/

To cite a journal article from the NIH in APA style, use the following format:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number (issue number), pages from-to. doi:xxxxxxx OR Retrieved from http://www.nih.gov/

Tips

The National Institute of Health (NIH) is a trusted source of medical information. If you’re writing a paper in APA style, you may need to cite the NIH in your reference list. Here are some tips on how to do so:

-If you’re citing a specific study or report from the NIH, include the author, date, title, and URL in your citation. For example:

National Institute of Health (2018). The benefits of coffee. https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/benefits-coffee

-If you’re citing general information from the NIH website, you don’t need to include an author or date. Just include the title of the page and the URL. For example:

National Institute of Health (2018). Coffee and health. https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/coffee-and-health

FAQ

The National Institute of Health (NIH) is a world-renowned medical research organization. If you’re writing a paper on a topic related to health or medicine, you may need to cite the NIH in American Psychological Association (APA) style. Here are some FAQs that can help you properly cite the NIH in APA style.

Q: What is the basic format for citing the NIH in APA style?

A: The basic format for citing the NIH in APA style is as follows:

National Institutes of Health. (n.d.). In A. Author, B. Author, & C. Author (Eds.), Title of publication (pp. xxx-xxx). doi:xxxxxxxxxxxxx

Q: How do I find the doi for an NIH publication?

A: The doi (digital object identifier) is a unique code that identifies an online document. To find the doi for an NIH publication, look for a doi number listed on the website where you found the document or on the document itself.

Q: What if I can’t find a doi for an NIH publication?

A: If you can’t find a doi for an NIH publication, you can include a URL instead. Be sure to include the date that you accessed the document, as URLs can change over time and become invalid.

Q: How do I format an author’s name when citing an NIH document?

A: If an author’s name is listed on the document or website where you found it, use that name in your citation. If no author is listed, begin your citation with “National Institutes of Health.”

Conclusion

The National Institute of Health (NIH) is a world-renowned organization dedicated to improving human health. As such, it is an important source of information for many students and researchers in the health sciences. If you are writing a paper or doing research in APA style, you will need to know how to cite the NIH in your work.

The basic format for citing the NIH in APA style is as follows:

National Institutes of Health. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.nih.gov/

If you are citing a specific document or resource from the NIH website, you will need to include a more specific citation:

National Institutes of Health. (n.d.). Document title [Type of document]. Retrieved from https://www.nih.gov/document/title

For example, if you were citing the fact sheet on cancer prevention, your citation would look like this:

National Institutes of Health. (n.d.). Cancer prevention [Fact sheet]. Retrieved from https://www.nih.gov/about-nih/what-we-do/nih-almanac/national-institutes-of-health-facts-and-figures/cancer

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